What is Prolotherapy for Chronic Knee Pain? This non-surgical procedure relieves chronic knee pain with an injection that promotes the natural healing of damaged joints and soft tissues.
This non-surgical procedure relieves chronic knee pain with an injection that promotes the natural healing of damaged joints and soft tissues.
Causes of Knee Pain
Problems of the knee, the most commonly injured joint in the body, often involve degeneration of the cartilage surface and sprains of the meniscus, ligaments and tendons. The limited blood supply and poor healing properties of these soft tissues make treatment necessary after injury.
The knee is cleansed and sterilized. A local anesthetic is applied to numb the injection site.
Administering the Injection
A mixture of concentrated dextrose, composed of natural compounds and anesthetic, is injected into the damaged tissues. The physician may need to administer additional injections to other injured structures of the knee.
The Body Reacts
The injected solution promotes mild inflammation of the injured tissue. This tricks the body into responding as if a new injury has occurred. The body releases proteins called growth factors that promote a natural healing process.
Once the inflammation resolves, cells called fibroblasts move in. The fibroblasts create collagen and use it to strengthen and rebuild any damaged ligaments and tendons. The strengthening and repair of these tissues results in improved joint stability and reduced pain.
The patient will be able to go home the same day, and should avoid taking any anti-inflammatory pain medications (aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen). Full recovery from inflammation usually occurs within one week of the procedure. Additional treatments may be required to ensure complete healing of the injured tissues.